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Brief Introduction of Directive 98/37/EC Machinery


Directive 98/37/EC Machinery

  1. This Directive applies to machinery and lays down the essential health and safety requirements
  2. For the purposes of this Directive
    1. machinery means:
      • an assembly of linked parts or components, at least one of which moves, with the appropriate actuators, control and power circuits, etc., joined together for a specific application, in particular for the processing, treatment, moving or packaging of a material,
      • an assembly of machines which, in order to achieve the same end, are arranged and controlled so that they function as an integral whole,
      • interchangeable equipment modifying the function of a machine, which is placed on the market for the purpose of being assembled with a machine or a series of different machines or with a tractor by the operator himself in so far as this equipment is not a spare part or a tool;
    2. safety components means a component, provided that it is not interchangeable equipment, which the manufacturer or his authorised representative established in the Community places on the market to fulfil a safety function when in use and the failure or malfunctioning of which endangers the safety or health of exposed persons.
  3. The following are excluded from the scope of this Directive:
    1. machinery whose only power source is directly applied manual effort, unless it is a machine used for lifting or lowering loads,
    2. machinery for medical use used in direct contact with patients,
    3. special equipment for use in fairgrounds and/or amusement parks,
    4. steam boilers, tanks and pressure vessels,
    5. machinery specially designed or put into service for nuclear purposes which, in the event of failure, may result in an emission of radioactivity,
    6. radioactive sources forming part of a machine,
    7. firearms,
    8. storage tanks and pipelines for petrol, diesel fuel, inflammable liquids and dangerous substances,
    9. means of transport, i.e. vehicles and their trailers intended solely for transporting passengers by air or on road, rail or water networks, as well as means of transport in so far as such means are designed for transporting goods by air, on public road or rail networks or on water. Vehicles used in the mineral extraction industry shall not be excluded,
    10. seagoing vessels and mobile offshore units together with equipment on board such vessels or units,
    11. cableways, including funicular railways, for the public or private transportation of persons,
    12. agricultural and forestry tractors,
    13. machines specially designed and constructed for military or police purposes,
    14. lifts which permanently serve specific levels of buildings and constructions, having a car moving between guides which are rigid and inclined at an angle of more than 15 degrees to the horizontal and designed for the transport of:
      1. persons;
      2. persons and goods;
      3. goods alone if the car is accessible, that is to say, a person may enter it without difficulty, and fitted with controls situated inside the car or within reach of a person inside,
    15. means of transport of persons using rack and pinion rail mounted vehicles,
    16. mine winding gear,
    17. theatre elevators,
    18. construction site hoists intended for lifting persons or persons and goods.
  4. Where, for machinery or safety components, the risks referred to in this Directive are wholly or partly covered by specific Community Directives, this Directive shall not apply, or shall cease to apply, in the case of such machinery or safety components and of such risks on the implementation of these specific Directives.
  5. Machinery and safety components covered by this Directive shall satisfy the essential health and safety requirements

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Requirements for Affixing of the CE Marking

• Passport to Europe • What is ce marking • CE Marking Solution
• Introduction to CE Mark Certification • ISO 9001:2015 Certification in Delhi • ISO Certification in Dubai
• ISO 9001 Certification in UAE • ISO 9001 Certification in Saudi Arabia • Products Covered by CE Marking

The CE Marking must be affixed to the product, to its data plate or, where this is not possible or not warranted due to the nature of the product, to its packaging, if any, and to the accompanying documents by the manufacturer, the authorized representative in the European Community or, in exceptional cases, by those responsible for placing the product on the market.

What We Do

 

The CE Marking is a kind of trade passport for the European marketplace: it allows the manufacturer to freely circulate their product throughout the 18 countries of the European Economic Area (EEA).

There is only one set of requirements and procedures to comply with in designing and manufacturing a product for the entire EEA. Various conflicting national regulations are eliminated. As a result, the product no longer needs to be adapted to the specific requirements of the different member states of the EEA.

In addition, it may be considered a benefit that by implementing the requirements, the product will be safer for the user and this may also reduce damage and liability claims.


The need of CE marking

The European CE certification procedure has been mainly set up to:
  • Harmonize all varying national regulations for consumer and industrial products in European Member States, so that the Single Market is encouraged;
  • Bring about cost savings for producers;
  • Enhance the safety of products;
  • Supply public bodies with a uniform procedure that can be checked.
With the help of the conformity assessment procedures, the authorities can ascertain that the products that are placed on the market comply with the requirements as stated in the regulations of the directives. The CE marking is consequently largely for the benefit of the authorities. However, safe products are also necessary for the end user in the work or consumer environment.

Requirements for Affixing of the CE Marking

The CE Marking must be affixed to the product, to its data plate or, where this is not possible or not warranted due to the nature of the product, to its packaging, if any, and to the accompanying documents by the manufacturer, the authorized representative in the European Community or, in exceptional cases, by those responsible for placing the product on the market.


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